Sunday, June 20, 2010

Jhelum

Main article: History of Jhelum
The Janjuas Rajputs and Jats, who now hold the Salt Range and its northern plateau respectively, appear to have been the earliest inhabitants of Jhelum.[7] The history of Jhelum dates back to the semi-mythical period of the Mahabharata. Hindu tradition represents the nearby Salt Range as the refuge of the five Pandava brothers during the period of their exile. The next major point in the history of the district was the Battle of the Hydaspes between Alexander the Great and the local ruler, Porus.
The Gakhars appear to represent an early wave of conquerors from the west, and who still inhabit a large tract in the east of the district; while the Awans, who now cluster in the western plain, are apparently later invaders, the Gakhars were the dominant race during the early Muslim era and they long continued to retain their independence, both in Jhelum itself and in the neighbouring district of Rawalpindi.[7]
During the flourishing period of the Mughal dynasty, the Gakhar chieftains were among the most prosperous and loyal vassals of the house of Babar, but after the collapse of the Mughal empire, Jhelum came under the rule of the Sikhs.[7]

A Sikh-era fort in Jhelum City
In 1765 Gujar Singh defeated the last independent Gakhar chief, Muqarrrab Khan, and subjugated the wild mountaineers of the Salt Range and the Murree Hills. His son succeeded to his dominions until 1810, when it fell to Ranjit Singh. Under the rule of Ranjit Singh, the dominant classes of Jhelum suffered much from fiscal actions; and the Janjua, Gakhars, and Awan families gradually lost their landed estates to their Jat dependents.[7]
In 1849 Jhelum passed with the rest of the Sikh territories to the British. Ranjit Singh, however, had so thoroughly subjugated the wild mountain tribes of the district that little difficulty was experienced in reducing it to working order. In 1857 the 14th Native Infantry stationed at Jhelum town mutinied, and made a vigorous defence against a force sent from Rawalpindi to disarm them, but decamped on the night following the action, with the main body being subsequently arrested by the Kashmiri authorities, into whose territory they had escaped.

An old photo of Jhelum city
During British rule Jhelum was a district of Rawalpindi Division, and was larger than the current district of Jhelum. On April 1, 1914, the tehsil of Talagang was detached from the district and incorporated with the new district of Attock. The old Jhelum district (minus Talagang) covered an area of 7,285 km2 (2,813 sq mi) and included Chakwal tehsil - it was bounded by Shahpur and Attock to the west, and by Rawalpindi to the north - the Jhelum River separated it from Kashmir to the north-east and from Gujrat and Shahpur to the south-east and south.[7]
During British rule Jhelum was connected by the North-Western Railway to other cities in the Indian empire, 1,367 miles from Calcutta, 1,413 from Bombay, and 849 from Karachi. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 14,951.[7]
According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India:

"The present town is of modern origin, the old town, which may have been the Bucephala of Alexander having been, on the left or opposite bank of the river. Under Sikh rule the place was quite unimportant, being mainly occupied by a settlement of boatmen, and at the time of annexation contained about 500 houses. It was then chosen as the site of a cantonment and as the head-quarters of the civil administration. For some years it was the seat of the Commissioner of the Division, but in 1859 his head-quarters were transferred to Rawalpindi. Under British rule Jhelum has steadily advanced in prosperity; and it is the entrepôt for most of the trade of the District, though, since the completion of the Sind-Sāgar branch of the North-Western Railway; the salt trade no longer passes through it. It is an important timber dépôt, the timber from the Kashmir forests which is floated down the river being collected here. A good deal of boat-building is carried on. The cantonment, which is 3 miles from the civil station, contains the church and post office. The normal strength of the garrison is one Native cavalry and four Native infantry regiments. The municipality was founded 1867. During the ten years ending 1902-3 the receipts averaged Rs. 32,100, and the expenditure Rs, 31,900. Receipts and expenditure from cantonment funds in the same period averaged Rs. 31,900 and Rs. 6,100 respectively. The chief income of the municipality in 1903-4 was Rs.34,200 chiefly from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 41,000. The town has two Anglo vernacular schools, a municipal high school, and a middle school maintained by the American Presbyterian Mission. Besides the civil hospital, the mission also maintains a hospital."[7]


Marble Lectern in memory of 35 British soldiers
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857 35 British soldiers of HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance. A lectern inside St. John's Church Jhelum the church shows the names of those 35 soldiers. St. John's Church is located in Jhelum Cantonment beside the river Jhelum. It was built in 1860 and is a landmark of the city. It is a Protestant church and was in use during the British period. For forty years it remained closed. Now it has been renovated and opened and almost in good condition.
[edit] Administration

The River Jhelum below the bridge beside Jhelum City
As well as being district capital, Jhelum city is also the headquarters of Jhelum Tehsil, the city of Jhelum is administratively subdivided into 7 Union Councils[8], namely Jhelum-I, Jhelum-II, Jhelum-III, Jhelum-IV, Jhelum-V, Jhelum-VI, Jhelum-VII, while Jhelum Tehsil is subdivided into Union Councils Badlot, Boken, Chak Khasa, Chotala, Darapur, Dhanyala, Dina-I, Dina-II, Garh Mahal, , Kala Gujran, Khukha, Kotla Faqir, Madu Kalas, Monan, Mughalabad, Nakka Khurd, Nara, Pandori, Sanghoi and Sohan.
[edit] Demography
[show]Jhelum City Population
Census
Pop.

1961
52,685

1972
70,157
33.2%
1981
106,462
51.7%
1998
145,847
37.0%
Est. 2009
172,073

Source:[9]
Jhelum is one of the oldest districts of Punjab. It was established on 23 March 1849[10]. Jhelum District has a diverse population of 1,103,000 (2006)[11] which mainly consists of Punjabis. The population of the Jhelum city (proper) is about 172,073 [12](2009) and it is the 35th largest city of Pakistan with respect to population. Population Density is 261/km. Population Growth Rate is 1.51[13] which is very low as compared to other urban areas of Pakistan. The majority of the population i.e. 98.47 percent is Muslim. Among the minorities Christians are in majority sharing 1.36 percent in the district. Punjabi is the dominant language (96.6 percent), while, other languages spoken in the district are Urdu (1.9 percent), Pushto (1.2 percent). Major clans are Awans, Akra, Bharat, Gakhars, Gujars, Janjua Rajputs , Jalaps, Jats (Cheema, Dhamial Jats, Gondal, Ghuman, Sipra, Nagyal, thathaal, Kashmiris, Khokhars, Lilla Tribe Qureshis, Phaphra Mughals, Rajputs ( Bhakral, Bhatti, Chib, Minhas, Narma, Sohlan, e.t.c), Arain, Syed and Punjabi Shaikh.
Literacy rate of Jhelum is among the highest in Pakistan. The overall literacy rate for Jhelum is 63.9 percent[14], somewhat a higher literacy in Punjab province (46.6 percent). The literacy rate has remarkably increased from 38.9 percent in 1981. The female literacy rate is 50.5 percent as against male literacy of 77.7 percent. The rate is much higher in urban area when compared with rural areas both for males and females. The rural literacy for both sexes is 58.6 percent (male 74.3 percent and female 44.4 percent), while the urban literacy is 77.2 percent (male 84.9 percent and female 68.0 percent)[15]. 84% of the population have electricity and 96% have the water facility.[16]
[edit] City

Shabir plaza Shandar Chowk

Gumbad wali Masjid
In the past few years, the city has experienced rapid expansion and has become a vibrant economic and cultural center. The old city has fascinating narrow streets and crowded bazaars.
The main market area of the city is centered around "Shandar Chowk", "GTS Chowk", "Muhammadi Chowk" and includes "Main Bazaar", "Niya Bazaar", "Raja Bazaar", "Kinari Bazaar", "Sarafa Bazaar", "Chowk-Ehl-e-Hadith" and Soldier Arcade etc.
Some of the main roads of Jhelum City are Civil Line, Railway Road, Old GT Road, Kucheri Road, Iqbal Road and Rohtas Road.
A cantonment was built during the British rule, which has grown up into a strong Garrison, with an Infantry Division commanded by a Major General.
The estimated population of Jhelum in 2009 is 172,073[17] and the area of Jhelum is about 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi).
See also: List of Cities of Punjab, Pakistan by Area
[edit] Geography and climate
Jhelum
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D


34

20
5


50

22
8


60

27
12


36

33
18


32

38
22


52

40
26


237

36
26


221

34
25


78

35
23


12

33
17


10

28
10


30

21
6
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: [1]
[show]Imperial conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D


1.3

68
41


2

72
46


2.4

81
54


1.4

91
64


1.3

100
72


2

104
79


9.3

97
79


8.7

93
77


3.1

95
73


0.5

91
63


0.4

82
50


1.2

70
43
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
Lying at 32°56′ North latitude and 73°44′ East longitude, Jhelum is located just 1 hour and 30 minutes drive from the Capital of Pakistan Islamabad, and 3 Hours drive from the heart of Punjab Lahore. Jhelum is linked with these cities through the National Highway N-5. Several cities are within 1 to 2 hours drive including Gujrat (home to fan manufacturing),[18] Gujranwala,[19], Chakwal and Mirpur, Azad Kashmir.[20]
Jhelum is hot in summer, and dry and mild in winter. The maximum mean temperature in summer, in June, is recorded as 45.7 °C, where in winter, in January; the minimum temperature as recorded is 1.8 °C respectively. Average annual rainfall is about 900 mm (about 35 inches) which is much below the required quantity but in the rainy season the water torrents flow from North to the river Jhelum with a very fast speed and cause damages to the crops, bridges, roads and are responsible for the soil erosion in the district.[21]
[edit] Important sites

Front view of Melange super Market
Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pukhtun and Hindu architecture in the sub-continent. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina.

Akram Shaheed Library
The old city has a fascinating labyrinth of narrow streets and crowded bazaars. Opposite to the CMH Jhelum Cantt is located the beautiful mosque of the city, CMH Masjid Jhelum.
Located in the cantonment area is the St. John's Church Jhelum which was built in 1860. There was a local stadium near Gul Afshan Colony which is now transformed to a Cricket stadium named Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium. Close to Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium is located the Altaf Park which was constructed in 1994-95. Nearly at a distance of 100m from Shandar Chowk, in the center of city is located Major Akram Shaheed Memorial Park. Major Muhammad Akram Memorial Library is also present in this park. On the 6th of September at the occasion of Defence Day, Parade also took place over here.

Mangla Dam Water Reservoir
Lehri Nature Park is almost 30 kilometers from Jhelum and 90 kilometres on GT Road in the hilly Pothohar region from Islamabad. It is 10 kilometres from GT Road.
The Mangla Dam is located on the Jhelum River about 30 km (19 mi) from Jhelum, it is the twelfth largest dam in the world. It was constructed in 1967 across the Jhelum River. There is the Mangla View Resort[22] that is the first planned resort development in Pakistan to offer residences, villas, townhouses, hotels, serviced apartments & retail outlets. The resort is located on a 340-acre (1.4 km2) site on the Mangla Dam area.
[edit] Transportation
[edit] Within city
Auto Rickshaws are very popular mode of transport for short routes within the city. Many of the new rickshaws in the city use Compressed natural gas (CNG) instead of the petrol engines as CNG is environmentally clean and cheaper compared to petrol. Rickshaws by QingQi are another important mode of transportation.
[edit] Out of city

Bus Stand Jhelum
There is a regular bus/Hiace service available running from early hours of the morning to late night. Daily routes includes Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha, Chakwal, Mirpur and Faisalabad.
Regular Bus/Van service is also available with in Jhelum District, It include some of the important towns and villages such as: Buses from Jhelum to Pind Dadan Khan, Dina, Sohawa, Lillah, Nakka Khurd, Pind Sawika, Nagyal, Sanghoi, Mangla Cantt, Nara, Domeli, Darapur, Jalalpur Sharif and many more, while Vans from Jhelum to sanghoi, Dina, Kharian, Sarai Alamgir, Chak Jamal. Chak Doulat, Mughalabad, Boken, Dhanyala and many other destinations as well.
[edit] Railway

Jhelum Railway Station
The Jhelum Railway Station was built in 1928 during British rule before the independence of Pakistan. It was connected by the North-Western Railway to other cities in the Indian empire. Jhelum is on main line of Pakistan Railways, and linked to whole country through Railway line across the Pakistan. Many of the railway lines and bridges were designed and constructed by exceptionally hardworking engineers including Inayat karim during the British time and he was honord by the Government of Pakistan. later he became the AWM (assistant work's manager) at the railway bridge workshop Jhelum.
[edit] Air
The nearest airport is the Islamabad International Airport, which is approximately 110 km by road from Jhelum. A small airport called Mangla Airport, located near Dina, is in use of the aviation wing of the Pakistan Army.
[edit] Sports

Cricket Stadium Jhelum
The city also boasts a golf course called the River-View Golf Club[23], where national golf tournaments are held regularly.[24]
Also there is a Cricket Stadium named Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium where District lavel tournaments are held regularly. In October 2008, Pakistan Cricket Board has upraised this stadium for Regional events.[25]
There are variety of sports facilities available within the Jhelum Cantonment which include Cricket fields Hockey Fileds, Football fields, Tennis Courts, Squash courts and Swimming Pools.
[edit] Journalism in Jhelum
First Newspaper from Jhelum was published in 1885 by scholer Molvi Faqir Mohammad from maidan-e-Pakistan under name of SIRAJ UL AKHBAR.He was Baba-e-Sahafat of Jhelum and this newspaper ceased publication in in 1920.He was author of many books.[26]
Weekly NAI ZINDGI started its publication prior to independence under editor ship of maulana Ghulam Azam of Gharmala. Later Khadim Hussain Hyderi took editorship till his death in 1960. He was a spokesman of Muslim League.
Weekly Khudi started publication in 1958 and after few years it disappeared.
Mohammad Ehsan Butt who was neighbourer of Sraj ul Akhbar in Chappa khana Mohalla played a vital role in promotion of journalism in Jhelum.He was affiliated to Zamidar,Kohistan and Jang Rawalpindi. In 1951 he started fortnightly AMMAL which is being published till now by his sons Pervez Butt and javed Butt.
In 1952 Ishaq Naqashbandi started weekly NASEEM. This first ABC weekly is being published till now under editorship of Mohammad Hanif Rai.
Voice of Muslim a weekly started publication in 1970 under editorship of Mahmood Mirza Jhelumi and later became spokesman of Pakistan Peoples Party.
In 1971 Abdul Rahman Muslim from Jamaat-e-Islami started publication of AWAZ till 1998.After 1998 Mr.A.R. Saleem started KHAIR UL AMUR which is being published till now.
From 1989 to 1994 fortnightly SAFAT was issued and Mr.Ijaz Choudhary, Sajid Moodi and Pervez Asim were its editors.
Riaz Nizami started GUREZ in 1990 and is being published till now.
HARAMAIN a spokesman of Ahel-e-Hadith started publication since 1990 by maulana Madni & Hafiz Abdul hameed Ammer.
A tri-monthly mag under the name USHA started in 1996 from Kala Gujran and was closed after a few issues.
Since 1997 Jhelum POST is being published by Sajid Moodi[27].
Weekly ISLAMI NOOR was published in 1996 by Arshad Minhas.
Since 1997 fortnightly PRESS GALARY is being published by Raja Nobahar.
Leopards International a spokesman of Homeo physicians ceased publication in 1999 after 2 years of his life.
In 1998 AKHBAR-e-Jhelum started and after departure of its editor Hawe Nizami to USA it ceased publication. Mr.Nizami also published monthly HAZOOR HAQ for sometimes.
Weekly JIRGA started publication from Dina by Hakim akbar Ali Rana for sometimes and now in Jhelum it is being Published by Yunus Badnam.
Business News a spokesman of Jhelum chamber of commerce and Industry[28] is being published under editorship of Qazi Habib ur Rehman.
Apnajhelum (Print Edition) is now published by Shahzad Khan, from Logic Computers Mohammadi Chowk Jhelum to increase number of Journalism professionals.
The Prominent Journalist worth mentioning from Jhelum are Khaliq Kamran, Jameel Hashmi, Hakim Mohammad Afghan, Riaz Mirza, Dr.Noor Mohammad Nafir, Hameed Jhelumi of daily Amroz, Saif ud Din Hussam of Ansari sara(Monthly GUBAR), Syed Hassan Jaffery, monthly Wasta by Gul Nawaz Ahmed, Crime and Law by Sheikh Khalid Pervez Akhbar Meherban by Haji Meher ban.
Three colleges are also issuing a yearly magazine while PTC has published a few books in name of SATHI which Fikar & fun is a magazine of National Hobby Friends Society.
[edit] Education

Govt. College GT Road Jhelum
Jhelum has a fairly well-developed educational infrastructure. The overall literacy rate for Jhelum is 63.9 percent, somewhat a higher literacy in Punjab province (46.6 percent)[29].
Jhelum has 6 Degree Colleges for Women, 6 Degree Colleges for Men, 6 Co-education Colleges, 6 Commerece Colleges, one Law College, with numerous Higher Secondary Schools and over 150 High Schools[30].
[edit] Higher/technical education
In technical education there are two technical colleges, the Government Institute of Technology, Chak Daulat and the Government Technical Training Institute.[31] Jhelum also has two sub-campuses of the Virtual University of Pakistan namely Wings Institute of Learning and Punjab College For Women.[32] University of the Punjab is also establishing a sub-campus at Jhelum. Governament of Punjab has allocated 65 kanals of land for this purpose.[33]
[edit] Colleges
Main article: List of colleges in Jhelum

FG College
Some of the important colleges of Jhelum are:[34]
Army Public School and College Jhelum Cantt.
FG Intermediat College Jhelum Cantt.
Fauji Foundation Model School & College, Jhelum Cantt.
Bahria Foundation College, GT Road, Jhelum.
Govt. Degree College, Jhelum.[35]
Govt. College. G.T. Road, Jhelum.[36]
Govt. College for Women, Jhelum.
Govt. College of Commerce, Bilal Town, Jhelum.
National Foundation School and College, Jhelum.
Govt. Islamia Girls Higher Secondary School and College, Jhelum.
Jinnah Law College Near Kutcheri, Jhelum.
M.A. Jinnah College of Commerce & Computer Science, Jhelum.
PICS, Bilal town Jhelum.
City College for Girls, Jhelum
UIML College
[edit] Hospitals

DHQ Jhelum

AlKhadim Memorial Hospital
Jhelum has some of the largest hospitals[37] in the area which include the hospital in cantonment area of the city managed by the Pakistan Army or sub organisations[38].
District Headquarter Hospital, Jada
Combined Military Hospital Jhelum
Fauji Foundation Hospital, GT Road[39]
Khadam Ali Memorial Hospital, Machine Mohalla No. 1
Khan Muhammad Hospital, AlAsria Road.
Sughra Hospital, Jhelum Cantt
Shahid memorial trust hospital Jhelum
Inayat Karim Medical Center, Jhelum Main G.T.road
AlKaram Hospital, Civil Lines
Afzal Hospital, Machine Mohalla No.3
Noor-un-Nisa Hospital
Fazal Hospital, Civil Lines
Azeem Hospital, Jhelum Cantt
Umair Children Hospital, Machine Mohalla No.3
Capt.Moazzam Shaheed Hospital
Mirza Hospital, Shandar Chowk
[edit] Major industries

Pakistan Tobacco Company Jhelum
Some of the major Industries are:[40]
Pakistan Tobacco Company, Jhelum[41]
KDC Plywood Factory[42]
Pakistan ChipBoard Factory[43]
Allience Textile Mill[44]
Rani Ghee Mill[45]
[edit] Notable people

Admiral Tariq Kamal Khan giving Tamgha-i-Khidmat (Military) to Karam ud Din
People with origins in Jhelum[46] are listed below:
Raja Porus who fought against Alexander in 326BC
Major Muhammad Akram, Shaheed Nishan-e-Haider
Raja Fazil Muhammad, Inspector of Schools, Rawalpindi Division (1930).
Raja Muhammad Afzal, Additional Secretary, Government of Pakistan.
Raja Muhammad Arshad PSP, Inspector General of Police.
Raja Raza Arshad, Federal Secretary, Government of Pakistan.
General Asif Nawaz Janjua, former Chief of Army Staff Pakistan Army
Admiral (R) Tariq Kamal Khan, former Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan Navy
Lt Gen Masood Aslam, SJ, XI Corps Commander
Lt Gen (R) Ejaz Azim, former Pakistan Ambassador to the United States
Lt Gen (R) Afzal Janjua ex Director General ISI.
Air Marshal (R) Raja Shahid Hamid, former DG Air Weapons Complex
Squadron Leader Imran Rafique, Pakistan Air Force
Squadron Leader Syed Manzoor Ul Hassan Hashmi (late)Sitara Jurat 1971 WAR a F6 War Plane has been displayed in front of GPO to pay respect to Mr Hashmi (of Raiya near CMH Jhelum)
Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, Sufi saint and a Pahari poet of great repute, he is especially renowned as the writer of a book of poetry called Saiful Malūk[47].
Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan[48]
Justice Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry[49] Chief Justice Of Lahore High Court
Chaudhry Altaf Hussain, former Governor of Punjab
Dr. Hasnat Khan, linked to Diana, Princess of Wales
Dr. Anwar Naseem, Adviser Science, COMSTECH, Islamabad
Rabia Qari, First Muslim woman barrister
Syed Zamir Jafri, poet
Allama Khalid Masud, a Muslim scholar of Pakistan, wrote a number of books and articles and delivered lectures on Islam, science and other subjects.
Inder Kumar Gujral, former Prime minister of India
Man Mohan Singh, Present Prime Minister of India
Sunil Dutt, Bollywood actor
Satish Gujral[50]
Azeem Hafeez, a Pakistani cricketer, fast bowler
Gulzar (lyricist)
Aftab Iqbal Shamim, an Urdu language poet
Nosheen Idrees, crowned the third runner up for the Miss Pakistan World [51]
Jaswant Neki, a leading Sikh Scholar, poet and former Director of PGI, Chandigarh
Mirza Dildar Baig
Irfan-ul-haq
Indra Sen, a devotee of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, psychologist, author, and educator, and the founder of Integral Psychology as an academic discipline
Nanak Singh, a poet, songwriter and novelist in the Punjabi language
Jagjit Singh Arora, (February 13, 1916 – May 3, 2005) was the commander of the Indian army in the Eastern front in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 which led to the creation of Bangladesh. He was born in Jhelum during the British Raj and died in New Delhi, India.
Bhai Mati Das, one of the greatest martyrs in Sikh history
Nasser Azam, successful contemporary artist practicing in London.
Dr Shahbaz Khan international water scientist and engineer
Dr Ghulam Hussain[52]
Brig (R) Raja Mansoor, former Personal Secretary to PM Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Maj Gen Saeed-u-Zaman Janjua, Ex Embassidor Brunai.
Maj Gen Agha Mohammad Umer Farooq, Commandant School of Infantry and Tactics
Maj Gen (Dr) Azhar Mahmood Kiyani, cardiologist.
Rear Admiral (R) Mushtaq Ahmed
Brig (Dr) Raja Sami Ullah, Medical Specialist
Dr Hameed Ullah Baig
[edit] Jhelum pictures gallery
Media related to Jhelum at Wikimedia Commons

Map of Tehsil Jhelum

A fort in Jhelum City

Jhelum Railway Station

Railway Road

JJ Shop

Stylo and Hush Puppies, Civil Line

Saleem center, Civil Lines

Ladi's mart, MM#3

Cantonment Square, Jhelum

Mahfooz Plaza, Kazim Kamal Road

KFC Jhelum Cantt

View of a match

Zamir Jafri Cricket Stadium

Tulip lawn Jhelum

Kazim Kamal Park

A view of Old GT Road from Shabir Plaza

A view of Railway Road

Old GT Road

Passport Office

CMH Mosque

Sh. Qaym Din Masjid

Masjid Afghan

Shandar Chowk Jhelum

Jhelum River near Bela BBQ
[edit] See also

Pakistan portal

Jhelum portal
Saadat Pur
Jhelum District
Jhelum River
Jhelum Tehsil
Jhelum Cantonment
Dina, Pakistan
Mangla Dam
Lehri Nature Park
Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium
Zamir Jafri
Rabia Qari, the first female Muslim barrister in South Asia
Inder Kumar Gujral, thirteenth Prime Minister of India
Mangla Cantt
Tilla Satellite Launch Center
Military College Jhelum
St. John's Church Jhelum
Kala Gujran
Gharmala
Sanghoi
Nara, Jhelum
Badlot
Mughalabad
Boken, Punjab
List of Cities of Punjab, Pakistan by Area
[edit] References
^ Location of Jhelum - Falling Rain Genomics
^ Jhelum Police official website
^ BBC NEWS - City of Soldiers
^ The District Jhelum
^ Tareekh-e-Jhelum, page 92 by Anjum Sultan Shahbaz
^ The District Jhelum
^ a b c d e f g Jhelum District Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 152
^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhelum - Government of Pakistan
^ World-Gazetteer.com. "Jhelum City". http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=en&des=wg&geo=-172&srt=pnan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=&geo=442609372. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
^ Jhelum Report
^ Population of Jhelum District
^ Population of Jhelum City
^ population growth rate
^ Literacy rate of Jhelum (Daily Times)
^ Literacy rate of Jhelum
^ District Profile
^ World Gazetteer of population
^ University of Gujrat
^ Gujranwala Business Center
^ ApnaJhelum (Mirpur as mini England)
^ Annual weather report of Jhelum
^ Mangla View Resort
^ Jhelum River View Golf Club
^ River-View Golf Club
^ Jang News report(District Cricket Stadium, Jhelum)
^ journalism in Jhelum
^ Jhelum Post
^ Jhelum chamber of commerce and Industry
^ Punjab Education Department’s annual literacy statistics for 2006 Daily Times
^ School Directory of PUNJAB (Jhelum)
^ Technical education in Jhelum
^ VU Jhelum campuses
^ Punjab University NewsLetter
^ Punjab University affiliated colleges in Jhelum
^ Govt. Degree College, Jhelum
^ Govt. College. G.T. Road, Jhelum
^ Types of Health Facilities report in Jhelum
^ Medical facilities in Jhelum
^ Fauji Foundation Hospital on PhoneBook
^ TMA Jhelum(Industries)
^ Pakistan Tobacco Company
^ KDC Plywood Factory
^ Pakistan ChipBoard Factory
^ Allience Textile Mill
^ Rani Ghee Mill
^ ApnaJhelum.com Personalities
^ Saiful Malūk by Mian Muhammad Bakhsh
^ Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan
^ Justice Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry, Chief Justice, Lahore High Court
^ Satish Gujral
^ BCC TV News Nosheen Idrees, runner up for the Miss Pakistan World
^ Dr Ghulam Hussain
[edit] External links

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Textbooks from Wikibooks

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Source texts from Wikisource

Images and media from Commons

News stories from Wikinews

Learning resources from Wikiversity
Jhelum Police Website
TMA Jhelum Website
Punjab Government website (Jhelum Profile)
FM Sunrise Pakistan (FM95 Jhelum)
ApnaJhelum Urdu website of Jhelum
Jhelumnews Urdu News website
Jhelum travel guide from Wikitravel

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